Production Team & Crew Glossary
Producer – The chief of a movie production in all matters save the creative efforts of the Director. A producer is responsible for raising funding, hiring key personnel, and arranging for distributors
Production Accountant – The person responsible for managing finances during the production.
Production Coordinator – The person responsible for overseeing practical matters such as ordering equipment, getting near-location accommodations for the cast and crew, etc.
Production Manager – Reporting to the film’s producer, this person supervises the budget, hires the crew, approves purchase orders & time cards, and generally makes sure all departments are doing their respective jobs within the parameters of the budget.
Production Assistant – A person responsible for various odd jobs, such as stopping traffic, acting as couriers, etc. Production Assistants are often attached to individual actors or filmmakers.
Co-Producer – A producer who performs a substantial portion of a creative producing function, or who is primarily responsible for one or more managerial producing functions. A co-producer has less responsibility than a producer for the completion of a project. Note that if a project has more than one producer, it doesn’t mean that these individuals are “co-producers” in the technical sense of that term.
Executive Producer – A producer who is not involved in any technical aspects of the filmmaking process, but who is still responsible for the overall production. Typically an executive producer handles business and legal issues.
Associate Producer – An individual who performs a limited number of producing functions delegated to her/him by a producer, under the direct supervision and control of that producer.
Director – The principal creative artist on a movie set. A Director is usually (but not always) the driving artistic source behind the filming process, and communicates to actors the way that he/she would like a particular scene played. A Director’s duties might also include casting, script editing, shot selection, shot composition, and editing. Typically, a Director has complete artistic control over all aspects of the movie, but it is not uncommon for the Director to be bound by agreements with either a producer or a studio. In some large productions, a Director will delegate less important scenes to a second unit.
Scriptwriter/Screenwriter – A writer who either adapts an existing work for production as a movie, or creates a new screenplay
Script Supervisor – A person who tracks which parts have been filmed, how the filmed scenes deviated from the script; they also make continuity notes, creating a lined script.
Casting – The process of hiring actors to play the characters in a script, typically done by a Casting Director, but with some input from a Director, producer, or studio.
Composer – Composes the original music score. Works in conjunction with the Sound Designer to create a mood for the movie.
1st, 2nd Assistant Directors – An assistant Director’s duties include tracking the progress of filming versus the production schedule.
The 1st AD also controls the crew, telling when cameras should roll, cut etc and controlling crowd action.
2nd AD is the assistant to the assistant Director. Duties include overseeing the movements of the cast, and preparing call sheets
Call Sheet……A listing of which actors, props, special effects, vehicles, dining and toilet facilities etc will be required for which scenes, and when they will be required.
Second Unit Director – Oversees the small, subordinate crew responsible for filming shots of less importance, such as inserts, crowds, scenery, etc also Model Shots for Post-Production if necessary.
Continuity – The person on set who makes sure that interconnected scenes (that may be shot at different times) have continuity. Makes full use of a Polaroid camera and carries complete paperwork in order to make sure that no mistakes are made. In some US productions, this job has been sidelined by that of Script Supervisor
Director Of Photography – A cinematographer who is ultimately responsible for the process of recording a scene in the manner desired by the Director. The Director of Photography has a number of possible duties: selection of film stock, cameras, and lenses; designing and selecting lighting, directing the gaffer’s placement of lighting; shot composition (in consultation with the Director); film developing and film printing
Camera Operator – A job usually done by the DOP, but on occasions (e.g. second unit) a camera operator will be brought in.
Focus Puller – Maintains the camera, makes sure shots are in focus
Clapper/Loader – Loads the camera and maintains film logs and canning of shot film. Also marks and records each shot with the clapper board. Sometimes at the end of a shot, if the board cannot be used at the beginning, the Callper/Loader with invert the board to say “End of Shot”
Gaffer – Working under the DOP, the Gaffer is in charge of the lighting crew, including the Sparks and the Riggers
Best Boy – The Gaffer’s first assistant
Sparks – In charge of lighting, and anything electrical
Key Grip – In charge of the dolly crew and supervises any track laying etc that may be required from the Construction department or the Riggers
Rigging Crew – “Riggers” will build anything anywhere at any time
Actors – Also known as “The Artists”. Actors may be the main leads, or extras hired for walk-on parts
Sound Recordist – Records the sound while filming, and any ambient sound that may be requiredor have been requested by the Sound Designer.
Foley Artist – Designs and records the sound effects for editing into the final cut
Sound Editor – Edits the sound effects, supervises ADR
ADR means Automatic Dialogue Replacement; required when the on-set recording of dialogue is poor and needs to be replaced in Post-Production. The Actor is brought in to a recording studio and speaks the lines to match the footage being played back on a large screen
Dialogue Editor – A sound editor who specializes in editing dialogue
Production Designer – An specialist artist/designer responsible for designing the overall visual appearance of a movie.
Storyboard Artist – The person responsible for drawing the storyboards and anything else that needs to be drawn during the production of the movie.
Art Director – A term used to define either the job of Production Design or as an assistant to the Production Designer
Draftsperson – Makes the drawings for the Construction Team to work to
Props Buyer – In collaboration with the Stand-by props, buys all the necessary props for the production.
Stand-By Props – The person in charge of on-set props; works with the set dresser to populate the shot with the required properties, furniture etc. “Props” will work through the script and make sure that every item required is available on the day. Specialist props will be itemised in the Call Sheet.
Set Dresser – Dresses the set according to the wishes of the Production Deigner
Construction Manager – Supervises the Construction Crew, making the sets based on the Production Designer’s designs and the Draughtsman’s drawings
Production Buyer – A person who purchases supplies, equipment, and property necessary for a production
Construction Crew – An assortment of scaffolders, carpenters, welders, plasterers, fibre-glass experts who create the sets either on the Sound Stage or on location, to the Production Designer’s designs.
Special Effects Coordinater – Designs and supervises on set the special effects required for the movie.
Special Effects Technicians – Experienced and qualified technicians who operate all special effects.
Special Effect Vehicles – All vehicles, stunt vehicles etc required by the production.
Movie Poster Artist – Designs and create the advertising art for the movie.
Model Unit – In conjunction with the art department, will construct miniatures, some props, some specialist items for SPFX etc.
Stunt Coordinator – Works in liaison with the SPFX Coordinator to create stunts either as extras or as a body-double for the main actor.
Stunt team – Men and women experienced in carrying out the stunts.
Costume Designer – Designs, in conjunction with the Production Designer, the costumes for the production. Coordinates with Costume Hire companies to supply extra costumes.
Seamstress – Makes any new costumes, mends or adapts costumes on set.
Wardrobe – Coordinates and logs all costumes, carries out dressing the actors on set.
Make up artist – On-set control of the artist’s make-up
Hair Stylist – On-set control of the artist’s hair
Film Editor – The creative person who assembles the shot footage, and fits it to the script in order to tell the story the way the Director wishes
Post-Production Supervisor – The person overseeing the entire post-production of a project. Reports directly to the producer and/or the studio in charge of the feature. Working side by side with the Director and Editor, the Supervisor has the responsibility of finishing the film on time and on budget while satisfying the wants of the Director. Post-production Supervisors have authority over post-production co-ordinators. Typical duties include: Controlling all activities with vendors such as optical houses, sound facilities, inserts, ADR, reshooting, CGI, score, delivery requirements to domestic and international distributors, legal clearances, preview screenings, color timing, video mastering and budgeting the movie through the completion and delivery.
Post-Production – Use of computers to add title sequences and CGI. Before the use of computers, Rostrum Cameras were used (and still used occasionally) to create Visual Optical Effects and titles.
CGI – Computer Generated Imagery
The use of computer graphics to create or enhance special effects e.g. blue and green screen, image replacement, matte paintings, restoration, titles etc